What Are Tranquilizers And How Do They Work?


How many times have you popped a sleeping pill? You yourself might be on tranquilizers and wouldn’t know because they can be defined in simple terms as ‘sleeping pills’. Also tagged as sleeping pills, sedatives, downers, etc., tranquilizers are those drugs which slow down your CNS brain activity and induces calmness and sleep. The major users of tranquilizers are the patients of depression, anxiety, sleeplessness, psychosis, etc., and the drugs which are tagged as tranquilizers are Barbiturates and Benzodiazepines. However, high concentrations of tranquilizers are also used as anesthesia in patients. So, how is it possible that one class of drugs can be used for minimal sleeping disorder and also for anesthetizing a patient? Well, here is the fact! All tranquilizers are undoubtedly used for one common purpose but these drugs are classified into three different categories: Minor, major, and others. However, the medical world is pushing away the use of these terms as it often implies that they share something when they clearly have different pharmacology, uses, and are also found to show different addiction symptoms. Major Tranquilizers Well, the word major pretty much describes how big a thing these tranquilizers would be. And they are! Tranquilizers used as anti-psychotic meds are categorized as major tranquilizers. They were first found in the 1950s when the researchers discovered a compound called phenothiazine which had such a strong effect that it calmed the patients of major psychotic illnesses. It proffers a prolonged sedation which certainly helped the heavily disturbed patients to stay unnaturally calm. With the calmness comes the state of unawareness with major tranquilizers. The users become heavily sedated and are often not aware of the surroundings and absolutely have no interest in doing anything. Right about the same time, another major tranquilizer was found, Reserpine. This compound was a better tranquilizer and quickly replaced the others because of its benefits. Reserpine was found to be highly effective in reducing delusions and hallucinations in schizophrenics. Although major tranquilizers have side-effects such as blurred vision, dry mouth, constipation, etc. they don’t tend to be addictive. Minor Tranquilizers This is the group of drugs which you might be using as your sleep aid. Although the name suggests that they are minor tranquilizers, there is nothing minor about them, They are extremely powerful in calming the patient. Unlike major tranquilizers, these are not given to people with visible mental illnesses but are the first pick for conditions which needs stimulation and upliftment such as depression and anxiety. Valium, Xanax, Ativan, Librium, etc. are the most commonly used tranquilizers in the hospitals. The other difference is that because minor sedatives instill a floating sensation and sleep, many people have developed an addiction which is difficult to get rid of. These side effects have led people to natural alternatives such as exercise, yoga, lavender oil, etc. There are many CBD manufacturers who offer amazing hemp derived alternatives. With no side effects, people are seen choosing CBD sublingual oils, CBD edible products, etc. However, the product of which I am a fan is Strawberry CBD gummies. They are the delicious addition to my diet!